A Study of the Seventy Weeks
Because Daniels prophecy of the Seventy Weeks makes Bible
prophecy so easy to understand, it should be no surprise that many attempts have been made
to discredit it as a prophecy that pertains to our future. This chapter will examine some
of the many different competing views which have been put forward by scholars over the
years, views which are not supported by the Bible or by plain common sense.
The Starting Point of the Seventy Weeks
Here is Daniels prophecy that predicted
the exact time of the appearance of the Messiah:
"Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to
restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be
seven `sevens,' and sixty-two `sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but
in times of trouble." Daniel 9:25
The prophetic countdown would begin when the "decree" to restore
and rebuild Jerusalem was given. The word translated as "decree" in this
Bible version (NIV) comes from the Hebrew word dabar. The NASB also translates dabar
as "decree," while the KJV and ASV give it as "commandment," and the
NKJV translates it as "command." However, by far the most common translation of
the Hebrew word dabar is simply as "word." Daniels prophecy would
begin when the "word" to rebuild Jerusalem was given.
When was this "word" given? There are several different
possibilities that we will examine:
1. The decree of King Cyrus of Persia in 538 BC.
2. The decree of King Darius, given in 520 BC, confirming the earlier
decree made by Cyrus.
3. The decree made by King Artaxerxes of Babylon in 457 BC.
4. The decree made by King Artaxerxes in 445 BC.
The decree made by King Cyrus is recorded in 2 Chronicles
36:23, Ezra 1:1-4 and Ezra 6:1-5. It was a written proclamation given specifically for the
rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem: "This is what Cyrus king of Persia says:
The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and he has
appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem in Judah. "
The decree given by Cyrus was described as a qowl in the
original Hebrew text. It is not a dabar and it is interpreted in English as a
"proclamation." It was given to bring about the rebuilding of the Temple, and
Cyrus makes no mention of the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem in this decree.
Some scholars point to Isaiah 44:28 and 45:13 as proof that Cyrus did
issue an order to rebuild Jerusalem, but this order is not recorded in the Bible and the
date of it is unknown. When Daniel received the prophecy of the Seventy Weeks the angel
Gabriel told him to "Know therefore and understand
" How would this
decree be understood if it was never mentioned in Scripture? There was no decree that was
given by Cyrus that fulfilled the specifications regarding Daniels prophecy and the dabar
to rebuild the city of Jerusalem. If such as a decree was given, then the Messiah would
have appeared to Jerusalem 483 years after it was given. Cyrus reign lasted from
559-530 BC, meaning that the Messiah would have come in the time of roughly 76-47 BC.
Clearly the decree given by Cyrus does no fit the qualifications of the dabar to
rebuild Jerusalem as written down in Daniel 9:25.
The decree of King Darius is recorded in Ezra 6:6-12. In the
years after the reign of King Cyrus the Jews had returned to Babylon and begun to rebuild
the Temple. At the time of Darius this work was still being done, but some of the Persian
officials questioned the Jews authority to do it. A search was made for the original
decree given by Cyrus, it was found, and then Darius simply decreed that work should
continue and the Temple should be rebuilt, just as Cyrus had decreed. The decree made by
Darius made no mention of rebuilding the city, and for the same reasons given for
Cyrus decree, this decree had nothing to do with the dabar to rebuild
Jerusalem as prophesied by Daniel.
The decree given by King Artaxerxes in 457 BC is recorded in
Ezra 7:11-26. It was a decree allowing Ezra and many Jewish families to leave Babylon and
return to Israel. This decree was made concerning the Temple of God, and Ezra was allowed
to take back with him all of the Temple articles that had been stolen by Babylon years
earlier. Ezra was allowed to create a fund and to take silver, wheat, wine, olive oil and
salt to make sure that worship in the Temple might be adequately supported. Ezra was also
given authority over the entire region to teach and to judge regarding the Laws of Israel.
This decree made no mention of the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem.
In fact, when Artaxerxes first took office he received a report that the Jews were
rebuilding Jerusalem, restoring the walls and repairing the foundations. After hearing
this Artaxerxes issued an order that all of this work should stop, "so that this
city will not be rebuilt until I so order," (Ezra 4:21). Ezra was allowed
to return to Jerusalem in the seventh year of Artaxerxes reign, but he was not given
permission to rebuild the city. The decree in Ezra 7:11-26 only concerned a repatriation
of some of the Jews and the promotion of the Temple worship. Artaxerxes' decree in 457 BC
did not fulfill the predicted dabar to rebuild Jerusalem that was prophesied by
The decree given by King Artaxerxes in 445 BC is recorded in
"In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King
Artaxerxes, when wine was brought for him, I took the wine and gave it to the king. I had
not been sad in his presence before; so the king asked me, Why does your face look
so sad when you are not ill? This can be nothing but sadness of heart. I was very
much afraid, but I said to the king, May the king live forever! Why should my face
not look sad when the city where my fathers are buried lies in ruins, and its gates have
been destroyed by fire? The king said to me, What is it you want? Then I
prayed to the God of heaven, and I answered the king, If it pleases the king and if
your servant has found favor in his sight, let him send me to the city in Judah where my
fathers are buried so that I can rebuild it. Then the king, with the queen sitting
beside him, asked me, How long will your journey take, and when will you get
back? It pleased the king to send me; so I set a time
Nehemiah asked King Artaxerxes if he might return to Jerusalem in order
to rebuild it, and King Artaxerxes granted his request. Earlier in his reign Artaxerxes
had commanded that the unauthorized rebuilding of Jerusalem be stopped until he give
official permission for it to begin. In the 20th year of his reign Artaxerxes finally gave
that permission to his royal bartender, the Jewish prophet Nehemiah.
Nehemiah also asked the king for a letter giving him safe-conduct to
Israel, and for a letter allowing him to take timbers from the kings forest to
rebuild the gates, the walls and his own residence in Jerusalem. These letters then became
proof that the king had given permission for the rebuilding of the holy city of Jerusalem.
Some scholars believe that the letters constitute the dabar, or the decree, to
rebuild the city. This can be easily refuted because the letters themselves were not any
sort of decree or word that dealt directly with rebuilding Jerusalem. The dabar to
rebuild the city was simply the verbal permission given to Nehemiah by Artaxerxes. This dabar
was backed up by the letters that Nehemiah was given, but the letters themselves were not
After Nehemiah returned to Jerusalem and surveyed the terrible shape
that the city was in, he approached the Jewish officials who controlled the city, "Then
I said to them, You see the trouble we are in: Jerusalem lies in ruins, and its
gates have been burned with fire. Come, let us rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, and we will
no longer be in disgrace. " (Nehemiah 2:17)
Then Nehemiah told them about the authority that he had received
from King Artaxerxes to carry out this task, "Then I told them of the hand of my
God which was good upon me; as also the king's words [dabar, pl.]
that he had spoken unto me." (Nehemiah 2:18)
It was the verbal permission that Nehemiah received that
constituted the dabar to rebuild the holy city of Jerusalem, as predicted in Daniel
7:25. After hearing this the Jews responded by saying, "Let us start
The prophet Daniel predicted that the city would be rebuilt, "
in times of trouble." This was certainly the case, because Nehemiah seemed to
face opposition to the rebuilding of the city from every side. After the building began
Nehemiah was forced to arm half of his men with swords and spears to protect the workers
from the Arabs, the Ammonites and the men of Ashdod who were threatening to attack. Later
on, Israels enemies created lies and distortions to try to end Artaxerxes
support for Nehemiah. But when the wall around Jerusalem was completed, Israels
enemies realized their plots and intimidations had failed (Nehemiah 4 and 6).
The dabar given by Artaxerxes in 445 BC is the only one in
history that fulfilled the words of the prophet Daniel, that were to mark the beginning of
the Seventy Weeks,
"Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree [dabar]
to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be
seven `sevens,' and sixty-two `sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but
in times of trouble."
The 69-week countdown until the coming of the Messiah began in the
month of Nisan, in the 20th year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus of Babylon,
who began his reign in July, 465 BC. (1) The first day of the month of Nisan in his 20th year corresponds to March 14, 445
BC. 483 prophetic (2) years later Jesus rode into Jerusalem as the crowd acknowledged Him as the
The next section will deal with viewpoints which dispute the fact that
the appearance of Jesus Christ to Jerusalem on the back of a donkey was the fulfillment of
When did the Messiah "come" in
fulfillment of Daniels prophecy?
"From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild
Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes
" Daniel 9:25
There are three possible answers to the question above:
1. Jesus fulfilled Daniels prophecy at His birth, dated anywhere
from 7 BC to 1 AD.
2. Jesus fulfilled Daniels prophecy at His baptism, dated
differently from 27-30 BC.
3. Jesus fulfilled Daniels prophecy when He publicly entered
Jerusalem as the Messiah in 32 AD.
The birth of Jesus Christ is considered by some to be the
predicted appearance of the Messiah to Israel. However, there are several problems with
this view. First of all, it lacks a starting point. Daniel predicted that there would be
seven "weeks" and sixty-two "weeks" from the decree to rebuild
Jerusalem until the appearance of the Messiah. Sixty-nine weeks is 483 years, and 483
years before Jesus birth, within the period of roughly 490-482 BC, there is no
historical record of a decree being issued to rebuild the city of Jerusalem.
Another major point to address is the fact that Daniels prophecy
was given concerning two things:
"Seventy `sevens' are decreed for your people and your
" (Daniel 9:24)
The prophecy concerns the Jews and the holy city of
Jerusalem. It begins with the command to rebuild Jerusalem; in Daniel 9:26 it involves the
destruction of Jerusalem; and in verse 27 the prophecy will involve renewed sacrifices in
Jerusalems Temple and the abomination of desolation. If this prophecy is
given to Jerusalem and involves Jerusalem, then certainly the appearance of the Messiah
would involve Jerusalem as well. Unfortunately for proponents of this view the birth of
Jesus took place in Bethlehem.
A final point is that Jesus refrained from making a definitive, public
and verbal claim to be the Messiah until He entered Jerusalem in 32 AD. If He had
fulfilled Daniels prophecy at an earlier date then why did He keep the plain truth
of His identity from the public?
The baptism of Jesus Christ is the preferred choice for the
fulfillment of the appearance of the Messiah for a number of scholars. But it lacks
Biblical support in the same areas as that of His birth. The starting point for this date
of fulfillment would be near to 457 BC, when Artaxerxes made the decree allowing Ezra to
return to Israel. But as shown above, this decree had nothing to do with the rebuilding of
the city of Jerusalem. And just as His birth, the baptism of Jesus had nothing to do with
the city of Jerusalem. It took place on the edge of Galilee in the river Jordan.
The plain truth is that everything about Jesus ministry pointed
to the day when He entered Jerusalem on a donkey. Only then did He publicly acknowledge to
the entire nation, at the beginning of the national Passover holiday, that He was indeed
the Messiah. If Jesus fulfilled Daniels prediction for the coming of the Messiah at
His baptism, then what possible explanation exists for His refusal to publicly and
definitively acknowledge His Messiahship until the triumphal entry?
The triumphal entry of Jesus Christ as the Messiah to the holy city
of Jerusalem took place, as calculated in Chapter One, in the spring of 32 AD. The
Biblical record is clear that prior to this momentous occasion Jesus refrained from making
definitive Messianic claims of Himself in public.
In Nazareth after His baptism near the beginning of His ministry, Jesus
read a passage containing Messianic implications from Isaiahs scroll, and then He
said, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing." Yet Jesus only
claimed to be a prophet before He was thrown out of the synagogue.
After leaving Nazareth He journeyed to Capernaum, where He again spoke
at a synagogue on the Sabbath. There He was confronted with a demon-possessed man, and
upon seeing Jesus the demon spoke through the man and said,"Ha! What do you want
with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are the
Holy One of God!" The demon recognized that Jesus was the Messiah, but Jesus told
the demon to be quiet and then cast it out. After Jesus left the synagogue He went to the
home of Peters mother-in-law. There He healed the sick and performed many miracles.
Luke records, "Moreover, demons came out of many people, shouting, You are
the Son of God! But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they
knew he was the Christ" (Luke 4). Jesus wanted to keep His identity a
secret, because He wanted the people and Israels leaders to decide who He was on
their own, without any sort of undue prodding or influence.
Over the course of His ministry Jesus did slowly reveal who He was to a
number of individuals, but only on a private basis. At one time He struck up a
conversation with a Samaritan woman beside a well. After pointing out her sinful past the
woman marveled at Jesus ability to know this, and then she wondered, "I know
that Messiah is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us." Jesus
responded to her by saying, "I who speak to you am he." After this the
woman went into the village and because of her testimony the village invited Jesus to stay
with them. After they had listened to Jesus they said to the woman, "
that this man really is the Savior of the world." However, these people were
Samaritans, and this did not constitute a public revelation to Israel (John 4).
At another time Jesus privately challenged His own disciples as to the
nature of His identity,
"When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked
his disciples, Who do people say the Son of Man is? They replied, Some
say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the
prophets. But what about you? he asked. Who do you say I am?
Simon Peter answered, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God. Jesus
replied, Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by
man, but by my Father in heaven
Then he warned his disciples not to tell
anyone that he was the Christ." Matthew 16:13-20
Jesus continued to refrain from making definitive verbal
Messianic claims of Himself both before and after He was rejected as the Messiah by the
religious leaders of Israel. At one time after He was rejected, His own brothers asked Him
to accompany them to the Feast of Tabernacles in Jerusalem. They wondered why He was
continuing to be publicly vague about His identity saying, "No one who wants to
become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to
the world." Jesus responded by saying, "The right time for me has not yet
come; for you any time is right. The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I
testify that what it does is evil. You go to the Feast. I am not yet going up to this
Feast, because for me the right time has not yet come." The right time had not
yet come for the Messiah to publicly appear to Israel and Jerusalem in fulfillment of
Daniels prophecy. For this reason Jesus decided to go to the Feast alone and in
secret, without His brothers (John 7).
While at the feast Jesus spoke in the Temple and His cover was blown.
The Jews at the feast asked Him, "Who are you." Jesus responded by saying
"Just what I have been claiming all along." Again, Jesus refused to
clearly say "I am the Messiah" (John 8:25).
The next time Jesus came to Jerusalem was at the Feast of
"It was winter, and Jesus was in the temple area walking in
Solomon's Colonnade. The Jews gathered around him, saying, How long will you keep
us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly. Jesus answered, I
did tell you, but you do not believe. The miracles I do in my Father's name speak for me,
but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. My sheep listen to my voice; I know
them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one
can snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all;
no one can snatch them out of my Father's hand. I and the Father are one. " John
Jesus did tell Israels leaders who He was, but it was not
through His own verbal claims, rather it was through His Messianic miracles that He had
claimed and proven Himself to be the Messiah.
Jesus waited until the 10th of Nisan at the outset of the
Feast of Passover, in the spring of 32 AD, exactly 173,880 days after Artaxerxes gave the
word to rebuild Jerusalem, to make the public claim that He was the Messiah. On this day
He told His disciples to first go ahead of Him and bring back to Him a young donkey that
had been made ready. Daniel predicted the day on which the Messiah would come to
Jerusalem, and the prophet Zechariah predicted the manner in which that would take place,
"Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of
Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding
on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey." Zechariah 9:9
Daniels prophecy states, "
until the Anointed
One, the ruler, comes
" The word "ruler" is the Hebrew word nagiyd.
The Messiah would come as one who had authority to rule, and that is how the people
greeted Him as He rode into Jerusalem on the back of the donkey. They cried out,
"Blessed is the king, who comes in the name of the Lord!"
"Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David!" and "Blessed is
the king of Israel!" (Luke 19:38, Mark 11:10, John 12:13)
By riding into Jerusalem on a donkey, while the crowd cheered Him
as the Messiah, Jesus was making a provocative, unmistakable and Scriptural claim to be
Israels Messiah. This was a very public and definitive claim, made to the nation of
Israel and to the city of Jerusalem at the national Feast of Passover. There was no
mistaking His claim. Prior to this time Jesus had rebuked those who wanted to publicly
proclaim Him as the Messiah, but on this day Jesus said that if the people were silent the
very stones would testify that He was the Messiah! (Luke 19:40)
Before Jesus entered Jerusalem He stopped and wept over it, because He
had already been rejected. He knew that the nation of Israel as a whole did not understand
the day that was being fulfilled, and He also spoke of the destruction of Jerusalem that
was also predicted in Daniels prophecy:
"If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring
you peace--but now it is hidden from your eyes. The days will come upon you when your
enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every
side. They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will
not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God's coming to
you." Luke 19:41-44
Surely the appearance of Jesus Christ as the Messiah to the people
of Israel and the city of Jerusalem, riding on the back of a donkey, was the fulfillment
of Daniels prophecy predicting the coming of the Messiah. There is no other choice
that can possibly be supported by the Bible or by plain common sense.
The first sixty-nine weeks of Daniels prophecy culminated with
the triumphal entry of Jesus Christ on Palm Sunday to the city of Jerusalem. Now we will
examine the 70th and final week of Daniels prophecy of the Seventy Weeks.
The 70th Week Challenge
Daniels prophecy of the Seventy Weeks was
given concerning the Jews and the holy city of Jerusalem. If the 70th Week of
this prophecy is to be fulfilled in our future, prior to the Second Coming, then it
means that the Jews and Jerusalem also have a place in Gods future. For this
reason many scholars, for a variety of reasons, attempt to prove that the 70th Week of
Daniels prophecy has already been fulfilled in the past.
The first argument that comes from this perspective is that there can
be no gap between the end of the 69th Week, and the beginning of the 70th. If
the 70th Week is to be fulfilled in our future then there must be a gap of at least 1,969
years between the 69th and 70th Weeks (as of this writing). Is such a gap Scriptural? Well
yes, because this gap is clearly shown within Daniels prophecy itself,
Verse 25- "Know and understand this: From the issuing of
the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes,
there will be seven `sevens,' and sixty-two `sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and
a trench, but in times of trouble."
Verse 26- "After the sixty-two `sevens,' the Anointed
One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will
destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue
until the end, and desolations have been decreed."
Verse 27- "He will confirm a covenant with many for one
`seven.' In the middle of the `seven' he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on
a wing [of the temple] he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end
that is decreed is poured out on him."
The gap is clearly shown in verse 26. It comes after the
appearance of the Messiah predicted in verse 25, but before the 70th and final week
is confirmed in verse 27. Just as there is a gap in the prophecy of Isaiah read by Jesus
in Nazareth, between the first part of Isaiah 61:2 and the last part of Isaiah 61:2, which
hints of a gap between the first and second comings of the Messiah, so there is also a gap
between the 69th and 70th Weeks of Daniels prophecy. Verse 26 of Daniels
prophecy tells us that within this gap would come the death of the Messiah and the
destruction of the city of Jerusalem. The start of the 70th Week was not predicted to
begin until after Jerusalem was destroyed, which happened in 70 AD. The gap in the
prophecy could hardly be more clear, and the 70th Week remains unfulfilled.
In any case, let us examine one of the viewpoints put forth that places
the fulfillment of the 70th Week in the past. Below is an interpretation offered, and
indeed dogmatically supported, by the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. Adventists are taught
that Israel plays no part in prophecy, so they must show that the 70th Week is in the
past. This interpretation comes from the Adventist publication, "Signs of the
Times," from the December 1997 issue, page 26:
"457 B.C. - Verse 25 specifies the starting point of the
490-year time period: From the going forth of the command to restore and build
The decree of the Persian emperor Artaxerxes, issued in 457 B.C.,
best fits this description.
A.D. 27 Verse 25 goes on to note the span between the
starting point and the appearance of Messiah the Prince: 483 years
(seven weeks and threescore and two weeks). This span reaches to A.D. 27, the
year of the event that marked the beginning of Jesus public ministry His
baptism, at which God the Father confirmed His role by voice and by a symbolic anointing
through the descent of the Holy Spirit.
A.D. 31 Verses 26, 27 refer to Jesus crucifixion:
After the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself.
In the middle of the week, He shall bring an end to sacrifice and
offering. Jesus death, which fulfilled and made obsolete the Old Testament
sacrificial system, came in the middle of that final week of years
which would have put it in the spring of A.D. 31.
A.D. 34 Verse 24 says the full 490 years was a
probationary period for Israel, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin,
to bring in everlasting righteousness and so forth. So the prophecy ends in
A.D. 34, about the time when Stephen was executed by the Jewish ruling council. That event
drove most Christian believers from Judah. Subsequently, Gentiles soon made up the
majority of the church."
Here are the reasons why the interpretation found in this article
is wrong from start to finish:
1. This article states that the starting point of the Seventy Weeks,
the decree to rebuild Jerusalem, was given in 457 B.C. by Artaxerxes. This decree is
recorded in Ezra 7:11-26. Perhaps the text describing this decree was not included in the
article because if people were to read it they would see that it makes no mention of the
rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem. The decree to rebuild Jerusalem was not given by
Artaxerxes until years later in 445 B.C. The starting point given in this article is just
plain wrong and contradicted by Scripture.
2. The baptism of Jesus Christ, as calculated based on Luke 3:1 and
using the historical records of Tiberius Caesar, occurred in 28 A.D., rather than in 27
A.D. (See Chapter One of this book)
3. Jesus ministry did begin with His baptism, but he refrained
from publicly claiming to be the Messiah until He appeared to Jerusalem as the Messiah at
the beginning of the Passover holiday.
4. The Seventy Weeks deal with the Jews and Jerusalem, as stated at the
very beginning of the prophecy. The baptism of Jesus had nothing to do with the city of
Jerusalem, and could not have been the predicted appearance of the Messiah to the Jews and
Jerusalem as their "ruler."
5. Verse 26 does refer to Jesus crucifixion, but Jesus did not
die in the middle of the 70th Week. He died after the 69th but prior
to the 70th, within the clear gap which is given in verse 26. His death did not put a stop
to the sacrifice and offering. It made them obsolete in the eyes of God, but they still
continued until the Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D.
6. This article maintains that Jesus Christ is the subject of verse 27,
but this text is not given in whole within the article. Here is the passage,
"And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and
in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for
the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation,
and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate." (KJV)
-The covenant that Jesus established did not begin at His baptism, as
suggested in this article, but was established when He was sacrificed for our sins on the
cross. The covenant mentioned in verse 27 is one that will be confirmed by a future Roman
leader, and does not in any way refer to Jesus Christ.
-The covenant that Jesus established did make the Temple sacrifices
unimportant in Gods eyes, but it is an eternal covenant that will never expire, and
not the temporary seven-year covenant as described by Daniel.
-One of the subjects of this verse is the abomination which shall make
desolate. Jesus Himself mentioned this event as one which would take place at the very end
of the age prior to His Second Coming (Matthew 24:15-21). Jesus Himself stated that the
abomination of desolation would be seen in the future near the very end of the age, and
therefore the 70th Week of Daniel could not have been fulfilled in the past.
7. This article states that the 490-year period of Daniels
Seventy Weeks was a "probationary period" for Israel, during which time she must
repent. The end of the Seventy Weeks is given as 34 AD when Stephen was stoned by Jewish
leaders. According to this article if Israel had repented at any time during the three and
a half years after Jesus was killed, they would have been forgiven. This is contradicted
by Jesus Himself, who stated that Israels rejection of Him in 30 A.D. was an unpardonable
sin committed by that generation, which could never be forgiven (Matthew 12:25-37).
Prior to Jesus entrance to Jerusalem at Passover He wept over the city, because He
knew that there was nothing that could be done to alleviate the judgment that had already
been made on the city and on Israel (Luke 19:42-44). The city would be destroyed and the
nation scattered. There was no "probationary period" left during which the
nation as a whole might repent after Israel's leaders had rejected Jesus as the Messiah on
the basis that He was possessed by the devil.
The Seventy Weeks of Daniel were not given as a conditional prophecy.
The prophecy was given as proof that God knows the beginning and the end, and while
mankind enjoys free will God still knows ahead of time what we, exercising our free will,
will choose. The 70th Week of Daniel is most definitely in mankinds future. After
the true followers of Jesus Christ are taken to heaven at the rapture God will turn back
to Israel and the 70th Week will begin. Once again Israel, the Jews and the city of
Jerusalem will be the focus of His, and the worlds attention:
-The Temple will be rebuilt.
-After their rejection of the true Messiah 2000 years ago Israel will be faced with a
false Messiah, the Antichrist.
-He will take over their Temple and proclaim himself to be God.
-The sacrifices and offerings will be stopped.
-An image of the Antichrist, known as the abomination of desolation will be set up
in the Holy Place of the Temple.
-Jerusalem will become the Antichrists capital.
-Jesus tells the Jews in Matthew 24:15-21 that when they see the abomination of
desolation they should flee to the mountains to hide from what will happen, which will
be the most terrible time of tribulation that the world has ever seen. The end-times
protection of a remnant of Jews is shown in Revelation chapter 12.
The main purpose of the Day of the Lord is not for God to pour out His
wrath on the world and inflict random plagues and catastrophes on unbelievers. No, it is
to bring His people, the nation that rejected Him almost two thousand years ago, back to
repentance and acceptance of Him. When Israel as a nation finally turns back to their God
and accepts the Messiah Jesus Christ as their own, then the end will come. The basis of
the Seventy Weeks will then be fulfilled,
to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness,
to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the
1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1990
2. A Biblical prophetic year is 360 days per
year, or 173,880 days for 69 prophetic years.
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