Prophecies of 'The Assyrian': Rulers of Darkness
A Special Series for Raiders News Network
1- Will the Antichrist Come From Iraq?
2- The Second Coming of the Antichrist
3- The Mighty Hunter
By Peter Goodgame
"In the days of old the gods had the whole earth distributed among them by allotment... They all of them by just apportionment obtained what they wanted, and peopled their own districts; and when they had peopled them they tended us, their nurselings and possessions, as shepherds tend their flocks..." Plato, Critias, 360 BC
In his letter to the Ephesians the Apostle Paul writes that those who believe in Jesus Christ as their Savior are caught up in an epic battle between good and evil. It is not a battle against other human beings, but against unseen forces that rule from the spiritual realm. Paul writes, "For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world..." (Ephesians 6:12). Every time that a follower of Jesus looks at another human being and says, "You are my enemy," the devil has succeeded in drawing him or her away from the true battle and into a senseless battle where only the devil can win. True followers of Jesus are to love everyone, and to have compassion for those that the devil has deceived. The demonic powers that rule this world use human beings as their pawns and slaves and it is our job to set them free. We will now turn to examine the historical circumstances that created this unfortunate but never hopeless situation in which we work.
Fallen "Sons of God"
The book of Job tells us that when the earth was first created the angels in heaven existed in unity and praised and worshiped their Creator:
"Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? ... Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?" (Job 38:1-7, KJV)
The Septuagint translation of the last phrase reads, "and all my angels praised me with a loud voice." After mankind was created God declared that everything was "good" (Genesis 1:31) and there was no wickedness in the universe. Yet the creation of Adam and Eve soon led to a split within the family of God. The angels had been created to assist God in ordering and ruling the universe, and when God created Man "in His image" and gave us "dominion" over the entire earth (Genesis 1:27-28) this was perceived by some of God's angelic "sons" as intruding on their authority. Jealousy and pride lay at the heart of the heavenly rebellion that first affected humanity through Satan's deception of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. By partaking of the "forbidden fruit" Man fell into sin and death and away from their intimate relationship with the Creator. A spiritual void was created and in the succeeding generations many human beings looked to the fallen angels to fill it.
The descent of a group of "fallen angels" to earth is mentioned in Genesis 6:1-4, but this episode is described in much more detail in the apocryphal book of Enoch. At this time it appears that the fallen angels appeared to mankind as benevolent helpers and "elder brothers." Man had been cursed to toil upon the earth and the angels came on the scene as if they only wanted to make our lives easier:
"Azazyel taught men to make swords, knives, shields, breastplates, the fabrication of mirrors, and the workmanship of bracelets and ornaments, the use of paint, the beautifying of the eyebrows, the use of stones of every valuable and select kind, and all sorts of dyes, so that the world became altered. Impiety increased; fornication multiplied; and they transgressed and corrupted all their ways. Amazarak taught all the sorcerers, and dividers of roots: Armers taught the solution of sorcery; Barkayal taught the observers of the stars, Akibeel taught signs; Tamiel taught astronomy; And Asaradel taught the motion of the moon..." (Enoch 8:1-8)
These fallen angels seduced mankind with technology, glimpses of scientific and occult knowledge, and promises of power. They also corrupted the earth by co-habiting with human women which produced the unholy Nephilim offspring who began to rule over and oppress the entire earth:
"These devoured all which the labor of men produced; until it became impossible to feed them; When they turned themselves against men, in order to devour them; And began to injure birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, to eat their flesh one after another, and to drink their blood." (Enoch 7:12-14)
The increasing wickedness upon the earth caused God to react as shown in Genesis 6:5-7, which led to the great Flood:
"And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them."
The human drama would have ended right there were it not for the fact that "Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord" (v.8). Noah and his family were spared from the great judgment that destroyed the entire earth and after the Flood the slate was wiped clean. Mankind was given another chance to rule over the earth and all its creatures. With this re-instated responsibility mankind was also given a few simple rules: 1) Spread out, multiply and replenish the earth; 2) Do not eat raw meat that contains living blood; 3) Do not kill each other. Yet even these simple commands were not kept for long.
The Tower of Babel
Prior to the flood the Nephilim were the "mighty men of old, men of reknown" (Gen. 6:4). The term "mighty men" is a translation of the Hebrew word gibborim. After the Flood we find that Nimrod is identified (Gen. 10:8, ESV) as "the first on earth to be a mighty man (gibbor)." He is described further as "a mighty hunter (gibbor sayid) in the face of (paniy) the Lord." The verb paniy in this context implies opposition against the Lord. Nimrod was also the very first to establish a post-Flood kingdom, and as we study him further we will see that this was done primarily through bloodshed and conquest. Nimrod's kingdom began at Babel, which is the site also known for the attempt to build the famous Tower. The Jewish historian Josephus, as well as numerous other sources, identify Nimrod himself as the one who promoted the building of this structure in open defiance to the God of heaven:
"And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter. And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech. So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city. Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth." (Genesis 11:1-9, KJV)
Nimrod built his empire on bloodshed and then he convinced mankind to work together to build a Tower "whose top may reach into heaven." Prior to the flood the Nephilim were known as "men of renown" (Gen.6:4, KJV) or more literally "men of the name" ('enshiy ha'shem), and then after the Flood Nimrod's followers declared, "let us make for ourselves a name" (ha'nasah-l'nu shem). They wanted to be known as a people that carried the same power and prestige as the Nephilim before the Flood. They also wanted to resist the command that God gave to "spread out" (Heb. sharats - Gen.9:7) and fill the earth. It seems that somehow Nimrod's plan to build the Tower of Babel was meant to assist in re-establishing the close relationship that existed between Men and Angels before the Flood. Perhaps Nimrod thought that with their help his empire would be indestructible and last forever, and his people would never be scattered abroad.
The name Babel is explained as a pun related to the Hebrew word balal (confusion), yet in the language of the Babylonians the name Babel is derived from Bab-ilu which means "the gate of God." But if the Tower was designed to connect with heaven as a gateway to God, then which "god" were Nimrod's people reaching out to? For an answer to this question we must look to the story of Nimrod as told by the original "Babylonians," the ancient Sumerians.
The Historical Nimrod
The book of Genesis states that Nimrod's kingdom began with "Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar." On the ancient Sumerian King List Nimrod appears as the second king who ruled the Dynasty of Uruk (Erech) a short time after the Flood:
The First Dynasty of Uruk
- Mesh-ki-ang-gasher of E-ana, "the son of Utu": 324 years. "Mesh-ki-ang-gasher entered the sea and disappeared."
- Enmerkar, "the son of Mesh-ki-ang-gasher, the king of Unug, who built Unug (Uruk)": 420 years
- Lugalbanda, "the shepherd": 1200 years
- Dumuzid (Dumuzi), "the fisherman whose city was Kuara." ("He captured En-me-barage-si single-handed."): 100 years.
- Gilgamesh, "whose father was a phantom (?), the lord of Kulaba": 126 years. ...
British author David Rohl has written extensively about Enmerkar and his connections with the Biblical Nimrod. Rohl cites German scholar Werner Papke who translates the suffix 'kar' as "hunter" thus translating Enmer-kar as "Enmer the Hunter." The correlation with "Nimrod the Hunter" then becomes self-evident. However, as another Semitic languages scholar has pointed out to me, this translation is probably flawed. The cuneiform sign for "kar" can have a meaning of "to take away by force," yet this is as close as it gets. The truth is that the final sign used in the name En-me-er-kar is actually "kar2", and this sign is translated as either "to blow; to light up, shine; to rise," or "to insult, slander." Either of these meanings may in fact be be related to Nimrod, yet neither of them has anything to do with the designation of "hunter." 
In any case the connection between Enmerkar and Nimrod is evidenced by the fact that both are directly associated with the origins of ancient Sumer. The Bible says that Nimrod's kingdom began at Babel and Uruk, while the historical King Enmerkar built Uruk and was also involved in a particular building project at Eridug the original city of Babel.
The origins of the city of Eridug date back to a time long before the Flood. In fact, the Sumerians believed that Eridug was the first city ever built and that it was the place where "kingship descended from heaven" for the very first time . Given the fact that "kingship" was always associated with the "gods" and a divine right to rule, it becomes even more clear why the Babylonian historian Berossos translated Eridug into Greek as Babylon, which is itself derived from Bab-ilani which means "the gate of the gods." Eridug was the original "gate of god" or "gate of the gods," and when Nimrod rebuilt Eridug after the Flood he was attempting to re-establish physical contact with the "gods" once again.
Enmerkar the Builder
Enmerkar was the very first semi-divine Sumerian warrior-hero and the stories of his life can be found in several narratives that have survived from ancient times as hard-baked cuneiform tablets. The Epic of Gilgamesh is very famous, but Gilgamesh was only an heir to the legacy that Enmerkar left behind. The most important narrative of the life of Enmerkar is found in the epic tale Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta. In this story Enmerkar demands tribute and raw materials from the mountainous region of Aratta for the purpose of building a temple in Uruk for the goddess Inana, whom he refers to as his "sister." In addition to this project Enmerkar also puts forth his plans to build a "great shrine" in Eridug. It will be the "abode of the gods" that will be built high and covered in gold and silver so that it gleams like a snow-capped mountain in the distance!
At that time, the lord chosen by Inana in her heart, chosen by Inana in her holy heart from the bright mountain, Enmerkar, the son of Utu, made a plea to his sister, the lady who grants desires, holy Inana:
"My sister, let Aratta fashion gold and silver skilfully on my behalf for Unug. Let them cut the flawless lapis lazuli from the blocks, let them …… the translucence of the flawless lapis lazuli ……. …… build a holy mountain in Unug. Let Aratta build a temple brought down from heaven -- your place of worship, the Shrine E-ana; let Aratta skilfully fashion the interior of the holy ĝipar, your abode; may I, the radiant youth, may I be embraced there by you. Let Aratta submit beneath the yoke of Unug on my behalf. Let the people of Aratta bring down for me the mountain stones from their mountain, build the great shrine for me, erect the great abode for me, make the great abode, the abode of the gods, famous for me, make my me prosper in Kulaba, make the abzu grow for me like a holy mountain, make Eridug gleam for me like the mountain range, cause the abzu shrine to shine forth for me like the silver in the lode. When in the abzu I utter praise, when I bring the me from Eridug, when, in lordship, I am adorned with the crown like a purified shrine, when I place on my head the holy crown in Unug Kulaba, then may the …… of the great shrine bring me into the ĝipar, and may the …… of the ĝipar bring me into the great shrine. May the people marvel admiringly, and may Utu witness it in joy." (Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta, lines 33-64)
In the passage above the city of Unug is simply Uruk, and Kulaba is another name for Uruk. The shrine of the abzu is the E-abzu, or Temple of the Abyss, also known as the E-Nun or Nun.ki, which means "Mighty Place." What we learn from this passage is that Enmerkar intended to build a temple for the goddess Inana in Uruk, and he also wanted to rebuild the shrine of the abzu located at Eridug that had been destroyed in the Flood. He says, "Build the great shrine for me... the abode of the gods... make the abzu grow for me like a holy mountain..." We know that this "great shrine" is located at Eridug because of what we read at the end of lines 470-499:
"...let them take the mountain stones, and rebuild for me the great shrine Eridug, the abzu, the E-nun; let them adorn its architrave for me ……. Let them make its protection spread over the Land for me."
It would be a "great shrine," an "abode of the gods", that was to be re-built in order to spread its protection over the Land on behalf of Enmerkar. Now some may notice that in the text above we are told that "mountain stones" were to be used to rebuild this "great shrine," yet aren't we told in Genesis 11:3-4 that the Tower of Babel was built with brick? The truth is that Nimrod's people built both a city and a tower, and both structures used a good deal of brick. In fact, within the story of Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta there are seven references to "brick-built Kulaba." The city of Uruk was built with brick, but for the "great shrine" at Eridu it seems that Enmerkar also used stone that was quarried and brought down from Aratta. Here are some further words on the subject of Enmerkar and his Tower from British scholar David Rohl:
"The conquest of resource-rich Aratta was the culmination of Enmer's expansionist policy. By the end of his long reign the king of Uruk controlled much of Mesopotamia and had greatly enriched the cult centres of Sumer. He also controlled the donkey trade routes through the Zagros mountains and sea trade via the Persian Gulf. To the north, large heavily fortified colonies were established close to the main waterways and therefore connected the heart of the empire by means of fast-moving ships. Exotic goods and metals were pouring into the capital city of Uruk and, of course, Enmer's palace coffers. This really does make him the first potentate on Earth, just as the Genesis tradition states. In his guise of warrior-hero Enmer/Nimrod is remembered as the founder of the mightiest cities in Assyria and Babylonia, as well as a great builder in the old religious centres of Sumer." 
"[Nun.ki] is otherwise known as Eridu – the very first royal capital in Sumer and the residence of the god of the abyss, Enki. Indeed, it seems that the sacred precinct at Babylon was named after that original Nun.ki, even going so far as to call the temple dedicated to Marduk, E-sagila or the 'lofty house' and also known as the 'mooring post of heaven and earth', after the original tower temple at Eridu. So, the biblical Tower of Babel/Nun.ki was not the second millennium Old Babylonian ziggurat at Babylon but rather the prototype third millennium ziggurat built at Eridu/Nun.ki in the Late Uruk period." 
Enki, Lord of Eridu
Enmerkar's source of inspiration was the god Enki whom we have identified as the Sumerian representation of Satan, the leader of the fallen angels who defected from the family of God and descended to earth as part of their rebellion. In the story of Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta Enki is the god who imparts his "wisdom" to Enmerkar while he is engaged in his building projects. This myth also seems to make a reference to the confusion that resulted from the creation of the different languages that took place at this time because of the Tower of Babel as told in the book of Genesis:
Once, then, there was no snake, there was no scorpion,
there was no hyena, there was no lion,
there was no wild dog, no wolf,
there was no fear, no terror:
human had no rival
Once, then, the lands of Shubur-Hamazi, polyglot Sumer,
that land great with the me  of overlordship,
Uri, the land with everything just so,
the land Martu, resting securely,
the whole world—
the people as one—
to Enlil in one tongue gave voice.
Then did the contender—the en (Lord)
the contender—the master
the contender—the king
the contender—the en
the contender—the master
the contender—the king
Enki, en of hegal (Lord of Abundance),
the one with the unfailing words,
en of cunning, the shrewd one of the land,
sage of the gods, gifted in thinking,
the en of Eridu, (Lord of Eridug)
change the speech of their mouths,
he having set up contention in it,
in the human speech that had been one. 
The god Enki is a very suspicious character. He is the Lord of Eridug and the Lord of the Abyss, and throughout Sumerian myths he is described as the great friend and champion of mankind. He is the god of wisdom and the god of magic, and all of the Sumerian heroes relied upon him as their guide to bring them through their trials. The late great Sumerologist Samuel Noah Kramer referred to Enki as "the crafty god" in his hard-to-find study of Enki, which I believe is an intentional allusion to Genesis 3:1. In the final lines quoted above we see that it is Enki who claims responsibility for "changing the speech" and bringing "contention" to a human family that had once been "as one." The parallels with the Genesis account of the Tower of Babel are obvious and unmistakable.
The Nations Are Divided
In the Garden of Eden Adam and Eve were tricked and seduced through their involvement with a fallen angel, and for their sin they suffered a terrible judgment from God. The generations that followed were also seduced, literally and figuratively, by a group of fallen angels who descended to earth, and the result of this illicit interaction was the judgment of the Flood. The Tower of Babel represents the third time that human beings either interacted with, or sought interaction with, the fallen angels, and once again it resulted in a judgment from God. However, this time the judgment took a form that appeared to satisfy the desires of mankind, as well as the desires of the fallen angels that viewed mankind as their possession. The end result of the Tower of Babel event was that God gave the tribes and nations of the world into the hands of the fallen angels, allowing them a temporary chance to rule over mankind as they wished.
In the book of Genesis God responds to the Tower of Babel by saying, "Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other." Other sources explain that God spoke these words to a group of angels who had been gathered before him to discuss the affairs of the earth. God spoke as the head of the "divine council" and then God decreed the judgment that divided the nations of the world. The Book of Jasher is a non-canonical book that is mentioned in Joshua 10:13 and 2 Samuel 1:18, and it explicitly states that the "others" who God spoke to were a group of angels:
"And they built the tower and the city, and they did this thing daily until many days and years were elapsed. And God said to the seventy angels who stood foremost before him, to those who were near to him, saying, ‘Come let us descend and confuse their tongues, that one man shall not understand the language of his neighbor,’ and they did so unto them." (Jasher 9:31)
The nations of the world were handed over to seventy of the most powerful fallen angels. They had been involved in the affairs of mankind from the beginning, and now they jumped at their chance to show the universe that they could reign and rule over mankind better than God could. An ancient commentary from an apocryphal text known as pseudo-Jonathan explains it this way:
"When the Most High made allotment of the world unto the nations (goyim) which proceeded from the sons of Noach, in the separation of the writings and languages of the children of men at the time of the division, He cast the lot among the seventy angels, the princes of the nations (goyim)..."
As a result of the Tower of Babel seventy of the chief fallen angels became the "princes" of the nations, and they each began to rule over a nation that was separated from the others by being given a different language. It was a division of the nations that involved two aspects: linguistic but also spiritual, and thus began the religious system that ALL ancient cultures have in common, known today as Paganism, where extra-dimensional beings are contacted and worshiped through shamanistic practices as gods.
Genesis 11 depicts the Tower of Babel event that divided the nations of the world and gave them over to the power and authority of the fallen angels. Genesis 12 picks up the story hundreds of years later when God spoke to Abraham and called him up from the city of Ur of the Chaldees in the land of Shinar, which was the very land where the Tower had been built. The fallen angels ruled over all the nations of the earth, but God chose for Himself His own nation to bring about redemption for all mankind:
"Now the Lord had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation (goy), and I will bless thee, and make thy name (shem) great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed." (Genesis 12:1-3, KJV)
The distinction between the nation of Israel and the nations of the fallen angels is made clear in the writings of Moses. In the passage below he refers to the division of the nations that were handed over to the "sons of God" , as opposed to the people of Israel who are "the Lord's portion" and His "allotted heritage." Israel belonged to God alone, and "no foreign god was with him":
"Remember the days of old; consider the years of many generations; ask your father, and he will show you, your elders, and they will tell you. When the Most High gave to the nations (goyim) their inheritance, when he divided mankind, he fixed the borders of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God. But the Lord’s portion is his people, Jacob his allotted heritage. He found him in a desert land, and in the howling waste of the wilderness; he encircled him, he cared for him, he kept him as the apple of his eye. Like an eagle that stirs up its nest, that flutters over its young, spreading out its wings, catching them, bearing them on its pinions, the Lord alone guided him, no foreign god was with him." (Deuteronomy 32:7-12, ESV)
In the book of Leviticus God explains His relationship with Israel by saying, "You shall be holy to me, for I the Lord am holy and have separated you from the peoples, that you should be mine" (20:26, ESV). Israel's "holiness" was very closely related to her faithfulness to God alone. In the Torah there are repeated explicit instructions that forbid all pagan spiritual practices and that give harsh punishments to those within Israel caught honoring or worshiping other gods. Throughout the Bible these gods are referred to as the "host of heaven" and for the pagan nations they became objects of worship. However, Israel was not to honor them with such worship:
"And when you look up to the heavens and see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, do not be led astray and bow down to them and serve them, things that the Lord your God has allotted to all the peoples everywhere under heaven. But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of the iron-smelter, out of Egypt, to become a people of his very own possession, as you are now." (Deut. 4:19-20)
The "host of heaven" were very real beings that became associated in the pagan mind with the heavenly bodies. They were the "gods" who were allotted to the nations of the world, but Israel was the one nation that was allotted to God, through whom all nations would be redeemed. The ultimate redemption of the nations (goyim) of the world is predicted at the very end of Psalm 82, and this redemption comes at the expense of the fallen "sons of God" who are judged for their gross failure to rule over mankind with justice:
"God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment: 'How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? [Selah] Give justice to the weak and the fatherless; maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute. Rescue the weak and the needy; deliver them from the hand of the wicked.' They have neither knowledge nor understanding, they walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken. I say, 'You are gods, sons of the Most High, all of you; nevertheless, you shall die like men, and fall like any prince.' Arise, O God, judge the earth; for to thee belong all the nations (goyim)!" (Psalm 82, RSV)
In the Hebrew language there are three primary words that are translated into English as "idol." One of these is the word eliyl which appears twenty times in the KJV Bible: seventeen times it is translated as "idol," once as "image," once as "no value," and once as "a thing of nought." From the context in which it appears it becomes clear that eliyl has a much more explicitly sinister meaning than the one assigned to it by translators. This word is used several times in the Old Testament in connection with the fallen angels that rule over the nations, as opposed to God who alone rules over Israel. For instance, in Leviticus 19:4 and 26:1 God commands Israel saying,
"Ye shall make you no eliyl nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land, to bow down unto it, for I am the Lord your God."
In Psalm 96:4-5 we read, "For the Lord is great, and greatly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods. For all the gods of the nations are idols (eliylim), but the Lord made the heavens." The Septuagint (LXX) version of this same text translates eliylim as devils and reads,
"For the Lord is great, and greatly to be praised: he is terrible above all gods. For all the gods of the heathen are devils: but the Lord made the heavens."
The gods of the nations are merely demonic counterfeits of the One True God who created the universe and all that is in it. Psalm 96 praises God and proclaims that one day He will appear to judge the earth and all the people in it. Verse 2 says, "Sing to the Lord, bless His Name (shem), and proclaim His salvation day by day." The word "salvation" is yeshuach, which is a form of Yeshua, the Hebrew name of Jesus.
The true Messiah came to this world as God revealed in human flesh, and through His sacrifice all mankind is now able to be redeemed from the authority of the fallen angels and take a place in the Kingdom of God. The fallen angels are the "sons of God" who defected from God's family, but through Jesus we can now become "sons and daughters of God" (2 Corinthians 6:18) and be "adopted" into God's family (Ephesians 1:5) to fill the void that was created by the angelic rebellion. However, before the family of God is made completely whole again, the world must face the Messiah's demonic counterfeit, the Antichrist.
One of the most common motifs that was used in the pagan world to describe mankind's relationship to the gods was the metaphor of a shepherd and his sheep. In his dialogue with Critias (see top) Plato writes, "[the gods] tended us, their nurselings and possessions, as shepherds tend their flocks." In the Sumerian culture the early kings were viewed as shepherds who ruled the people on behalf of the gods; for instance, King Gudea was a "shepherd" who ruled on behalf of the god Ninurta, and Ur-Namma referred to himself as the "shepherd of Enlil." In ancient Egyptian culture the god Osiris was viewed as a "shepherd king" who was often pictured holding his shepherd's staff and flail (left). King Tut was buried in a gold sarcophagus designed in the form of Osiris that also held the famous staff and flail (right). This metaphor of a shepherd and his sheep is also used repeatedly throughout the Bible to illustrate God's relationship with His people. It is within one of these passages in the Old Testament where we find a reference to the Antichrist, and the context provides further evidence that the word eliyl can and perhaps should be interpreted as "demonic counterfeit":
"For indeed I will raise up a shepherd in the land who will not care for those who are cut off, nor seek the young, nor heal those that are broken, nor feed those that still stand. But he will eat the flesh of the fat and tear their hooves in pieces. Woe to the eliyl shepherd who leaves the flock! A sword shall be against his arm and against his right eye; His arm shall completely wither, and his right eye shall be totally blinded." (Zechariah 11:16-17, NKJV)
The Antichrist is the demonic counterfeit of Jesus Christ. Jesus saves, while the Antichrist destroys. Jesus Himself spoke of this contrast between Himself and the Antichrist in a passage found in the book of John (10:7-15, KJV):
"Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them. I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep. I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. As the Father knoweth me, even so I know the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep."
If the original Tower of Babel was intended to help re-establish physical contact between human beings and fallen angels, then how does this impact our understanding of the purpose of end-times Babylon, that great superpower described in the book of Revelation that ushers in the coming of the Antichrist at the end of the Age? Is there indeed some high-level covert conspiracy to establish contact with extra-terrestrials, to protect all such information until the time is right, and to ultimately introduce them to the world and to promote them as our creators and gods? My years of study have confirmed for me that the answer is definitely "Yes." The devils will appear from the heavens, while the Antichrist—the "devil shepherd"—will rise up out of Hell and be given a brief opportunity to once again rule over all the nations of the world. He will claim to be a savior, but his claims are false. He comes only to steal souls, to kill life, and to destroy all those who put their faith in him. It is up to you to humble your heart, repent, and put your faith in the Savior who has already laid down His life for your soul.
"But the Lord is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation. Thus shall ye say unto them, The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, even they shall perish from the earth, and from under these heavens... in the time of their visitation they shall perish. The portion of Jacob is not like them: for He is the former of all things; and Israel is the rod of His inheritance: the Lord of hosts is His name."
Jeremiah 10:10-16, KJV
(After reading this article, Part Four, it might be a good idea to return again to Part One and you will understand it in a whole new light.)
Part Four printable (no pictures)
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1. Translations taken from the online cuneiform lexicon located at http://psd.museum.upenn.edu/epsd/nepsd-frame.html.
2. The SKL begins with the words, "After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug."
3. The Lost Testament, David Rohl, 2002, p.63
4. The Lost Testament, David Rohl, 2002, p.66
5. "The Sumerian term me (pronounced 'may') is a plural, inanimate noun, and expresses a very basic concept in Sumerian religion. The me are properties or powers of the gods which enable a whole host of activities central to civilised human life, especially religion, to take place. A related term, gis-hur ('plan, design'), denotes how these activities ought, ideally, to be: the me are the powers which make possible the implementation of the gis-hur and which ensure the continuation of civilised life. They are ancient, enduring, holy, valuable. Mostly they are held by An or Enlil, but they can be assigned or given to other gods of, by implication, lesser rank." Definition from Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia, by Jeremy Black and Anthony Green, 1992. The Sumerian myth Enki and the World Order describes the moment in time when Enki was given authority over the me, which I believe corresponds with the moment when God gave Satan and the fallen angels authority over the nations as a result of the Tower of Babel event.
6. From Samuel Noah Kramer's translation of Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta (lines 134-155) as given in his book Myths of Enki, the Crafty God, 1989, pp.88-89. Recent translations of this text, such as those found at the ETCSL site run by Oxford, remove many of the allusions to the "division of the languages" that Kramer saw in this text.
7. The earliest Hebrew manuscripts of Deuteronomy 32:8 read, "according to the number of the sons of God." However, later manuscripts such as the Masoretic Text that became the basis of most modern Bibles read "according to the number of the sons of Israel." The Septuagint Greek translation seems to best clarify the nature of the division of the nations and it reads, "When the Most High divided the nations, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the nations according to the number of the angels of God." For an excellent scholarly analysis of all of these references, which supports "sons of God" as the preferred reading and supports viewing them as angels, go to Dr. Michael S. Heiser's website at http://www.thedivinecouncil.com/ and download the PDF article entitled "Deuteronomy 32:8-9 and the sons of God".
February 8, 2008